[Tree knowledge ①] Mt. Fuji was belonging to Ieyasu Tokugawa?
Whose is Mt. Fuji? When asked, most of the Japanese will answer "everyone's thing".
Mt. Fuji which is just "Japan's treasure" is a sightseeing spot where more than 300,000 climbers visit each year.
It is obvious that you would like to answer all Japanese, but in reality this is a mistake.
Actually, Mt. Fuji (860 m) to the top is "private land".
What exactly is it to privatize the historic Rikuyama? I think, please feel at ease.
"Asama Shrine" that is settled on the top is the owner.
Asama Shrine has over 1,300 nationwide shrines, especially Mt. Fuji Mamiya Sengen Shrine located in Fujinomiya shrine town is the total main shrine. In the Ritual God the wooden flower Opening Beautiful Life (Mr. Honosakuyomi 's Mission), Kiki Fireworks Life Insurance (Hikobo no Nominomonomi), Omiyama Life (Ooiyamizumi Mikoto) is enshrined.
The headquarter temple has been designated as an important cultural asset of the country as a high-rise building of the Momoyama period, receiving the thick faith of Takeda Shingen.
Every year, on July 1st, it has been running for 450 years or more, "Odori Opening (Omichi)", and I also do mountain of Mt. Fuji.
In this way, the connection between Asama Shrine and Mt. Fuji is very old.
Originally owned by Ieyasu Tokugawa, it is said that Ieyasu donated to Taisha in 1606.
However, after the Meiji Restoration, it became state-owned in 1871.
After the Pacific War, the land which was nationally owned in the whole country was returned to the temple shrine, but only the top of Mt. Fuji was not returned except for a part.
As a result of the Supreme Court ruling in 1974, it was once again recognized as belonging to the Asama Shrine, but it was still hard to return.
Because the prefectural boundaries of both Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures were not defined, it was impossible to register.
Then another 30 years time passed, 2004, the Treasury Department Tokai Treasury Bureau coordinated by prioritizing the prefectural boundary problem, finally granted free of charge.
Thus, for the first time in 134 years, Mt. Fuji top returned to its former owner.
To the top of Mt. Fuji is correctly the house of God.
If you think so, Mt. Fuji climbing will also be a bit different.
[Tree Knowledge ②] "Terumyubori" at the top of Mt. Fuji was originally "Ogurigori"
Mt. Fuji in a beautiful shape.
Viewing from a distance, the summit is like a flat, but in reality it is a "dormant volcano", so the top is completely open with a crater and it is a steep ridge with eight peaks lined up to surround it.
The crater diameter is about 800 meters, the rido road is about 3 km.
The course that goes around this ridge road is popular among climbers as it is called "chubby game".
If you say "why" it is a "chopper", you can understand well by looking up to the summit.
The crushed crater is as if it looks like a huge bowl.
However, there is also a story that this "chopper" actually means that "Ogamigori" turned around.
The eight peaks and the crater at the top of Mt. Fuji are often compared to bowls and pots, and in the old days it is compared to lotus flowers with eight valves where the Buddha called "Hachiba Renka" sits, called "Hachiba" It was named after Buddhism to the eight peaks.
For example, Yoshidaguchi · Kuzushiguchi at the top of Kukushiguchi is "Yakushigatake", Izugatake is "Amitabakudake", Nakamadake is "Fujigatake", Mt. Asama Famous of Gotemba entrance is "Komagatake", Fujinomiya Mishima dake at the summit is "Moganekigake", Hakusan-dake is "Buddha Mt.", Asahi-dake is "Dainichigo".
In the divine separation policy before and after the Meiji Restoration, from these Buddhist names, it was changed to the current Shinto nickname, but for some reason only "Dainichigaku" named after Dainichi Naka is a new name of Asahigadake It is still unchanged, still remaining.
It is said that the route surrounding "Hachiba", that is, "Ogamigori" became "a chokehiri" after the era.
By the way, the eight peaks, the highest mountain is the Kendokado with Mt. Fuji Weather Station, this is the place called Mt. Fuji peak. According to the plate set by triangular points by the Geographical Survey Institute of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in August 2002, the exact altitude of Kendo Peak is 3775.63 m.
The position by the world geodetic system is 35 degrees 21 minutes 38.261 seconds north latitude, 138 degrees 43 minutes east longitude 38.515 seconds.
[Tree knowledge ③] Mt. Fuji had to pay money at the office
Physical fitness] and aim for the summit! Fuji which can climb to anyone as long as [Will] is called.
Recently, there has been an argument that it is necessary to collect 'mountaineering fee' for environmental conservation, but in fact the mountain climbing Mt. Fuji was "charged" till the Meiji era.
Mt. Fuji's history of paying is unexpectedly old, it is a mountain trainee / sorcerer of the Nara era, climbing Mt. Fuji (Fuji lecture) as an exercise started by the founder of the examination path, serving as a small servant (Een no Ozuku) started actively It is said to have become.
And, from the second half of the Muromachi era, there is a record that climbing has been charged.
Then, how much is it? When saying, it is said that the mountain servant of 244 sentences for each climber / person collected the toll fee = toll.
The office was located in the Yoshidaga mountain path starting from Mt. Fuji Kitakuchi Asama Shrine.
This road was the main climbing road of those days, and there were many shoguns serving as climbers' accommodation and teaching places around the shrine.
It is said that Mr. Imagawa who was proud of the forces around this area was collecting the toll fee with the concerned place.
By the way, Kim Torii, a marker of the office, is still alive today.
This collecting work was done by the teacher of the teaching staff, and it seems that the climber who had the golden staff in the white clothes paid the toll at the climbing mouth and received the bill.
However, because some people tried to climb without paying tolls, they said that they placed checkpoints on the middle and top of the mountain and checked people who had no bills.
Half of the collected toll was delivered to the lords, and from the remainder the teacher took part and was distributed to neighboring farmers maintaining the mountain trail.
It seems that it was a good part-time job for the farmers around here, and there is still a story in the neighborhood villages that stolen this right by villagers and became a fight.
In the era when Mr. Imagawa became the rule of Mr. Takeda, it was discounted to 122 sentences and half price, but basically it is said that such tolls continued through the Edo period until the Meiji Period .
No matter how much you climb it now is free, but the public toilet is a chip system.
The seventh and sixth consecutive times are 100 yen per time. I think that we would like you to pay this for environmental conservation as well.
[Tree knowledge ④] Wonder of "Akaike" that appears when heavy rain falls
It is Fuji Goko lined with Yamanakako, Kawaguchiko, West Lake, Shimpo Lake, Motosu Lake from the east at the foot of Yamanashi Prefecture side of Mt. Fuji, but originally it was named for the popularity vote of tourist attractions, but now it is completely It is said that it is established.
It is also known as a candidate for assets that make up the world cultural heritage of Mt. Fuji and once the Cultural Agency showed the view that "Fuji Five Lake is not included unless it contains Fuji," Mt. Fuji can not beat Lake is.
It is such a Fuji Goko, but it is a story that well-known is Lake Motosu, Lake Shiho, West Lake was once a lake.
Fuji Five lakes are "damming lake" which is dammed up by the eruption of Mt. Fuji, made of underwater water in the depression.
Underwater water is one in which rain and snow falling on the ground soak into the ground and flow out from rough rocks and gravels in the strata.
Those that gathered and accumulated in this underflow water have become a lake over a long period of time.
In fact, the elevations of these three lake faces are the same, and the water level is always the same no matter how increasing or decreasing.
From this, these three are still considered to be connected.
In the ancient times, the three lakes of Lake Motosu, Lake Shoin, and West Lake are connected and called "Sea of the Sea", and the lakes including Kawaguchiko, Yamanakako and Oshino Hakkai were called "Utsu Lake."
And Lake Kawaguchi and Lake Motosu were born by the lava flow of Shin-Fuji volcano. Subsequently, due to the lava flow of the pessimistic big eruption, the Sea of the Sea was further divided, Lake Shoji and West Lake were born.
In addition, Lake Kawaguchi and Lake Yamanaka became the present form by the lava flow which flowed out from the hillside 1500 to 1000 years ago.
And what is not well-known is that there is a 6th lake in the southeast of this Shoin Lake.
However, it is "Akaike" which is said to be "a phantom lake" that only appears when heavy rain falls and rises.
Akaike seems to have been named from the red lava filling the bottom of the lake, the size is a small lake about 50 meters in diameter.
It is a pretty mysterious sight that suddenly appeared in the forest, there is a forest on the bottom of the lake.
Recently, "Phantom Lake" which appeared in 1998, 2004, and last year. If you go to Mt. Fuji, you may be able to see it someday.
【TK Knowledge ⑤】 "Inverted Fuji" in a thousand yen bill was a hidden scenic spot of Lake Motosu
Fuji which is representative of Japan is also used for designing bills.
In recent years, it is the former 5 thousand yen bill and the current one thousand yen bill.
"Invert Fuji" drawn here is a photographer who was active in the Taisho era and the Showa era, "Okada Kosaya photographed Lake Motosu" "Lakeside Spring" is a model.
On the lake side of Lake Motosu, a guide board is built at the shooting place, and many tourists are visiting.
But there is one strange thing.
When standing in that place, looking at Mt. Fuji, the angle depicted on the bill is different from Bimmyo.
Looking at the "inverted Mt. Fuji" bill, Ryuga-dake (on the right side facing) and Omuroyama (on the other side facing the other side) are reflected in both sides, and the ridgeline is in a positional relationship overlapping the ridgeline of Omuroyama.
However, ridgelines do not overlap even from the position that it is a shooting location.
From the conclusion, it is not here that the "lakeside spring" was filmed.
In the vicinity of the place where the guide board is built there is a inn called "Koan" which combines shops. This place is where Okada Kayo was making a lodging to take a picture of "Lake Spring Spring", and "Spring Lake Spring" is currently being exhibited.
From the hut next to this inn, climbing the mountains and going through the steep mountain path, the space like the observation deck spreads near the summit and there are some rocks a little further from there.
One of them, looking at Mt. Fuji, there is a rock that exactly matches the angle of "Spring of Lakeside".
Actually, here is the place where Okada Kayo photographed "Spring of Lakeside".
As I climb up from the lower guide board, I get tired a little, but I can worship the "Upside Fuji drawn on a thousand yen bill".
I hope you will see this magnificent view once.
Change to first top to bottom to bottom to end
【Tree knowledge ⑥】 Beauty of "Kakita River" with flower blooming on the bottom of the river
Do you know that there is a rare clear stream at the foot of Mount Fuji?
It is a river that fulfills the beautiful water that can be counted as one of the "three major great streams in Japan" while being in the urban area about 30 minutes on foot from JR Mishima Station.
This river, which is also chosen by the Ministry of the Environment as "100 famous waters" selected by the Forestry Culture Association and the Asahi Shimbun Company, such as "100 Natural Heritage of Japan to Leave in the 21st Century", is slightly different in taste from other streams I will.
For example, the Shimanto River, which is also counted in the Three Great Clear Water, is 196 kilometers long and Nagara River is 120 kilometers long, while the total length of the Kakita River is only about 1.2 kilometers.
Despite the extraordinary shortness and urban areas, why can this river maintain its purity?
The secret is in Mt. Fuji.
The snow and rain that fell to Mt. Fuji penetrated underground, and passed through the stratum at that time though it passed through the earth after a long period of time.
Here, the stratum which is easy to pass water (Mishima lava flow) is overlapped on the stratum which is difficult to pass water (Old Fuji mud flow), water impurities are removed.
In other words, it is a "natural filtration device".
Thanks to the beautiful water created in this way, unusual rare animals and plants inhabit the Kakita River.
Its representative is Mishima Baikamo (Mishima Meihana Algae).
Misima baikamo, a rare alga that grows only in clear water, is also known for making white flowers bloom.
Flower fields swaying swaying at the clear bottom of the river are very fantastic.
Also, besides Misima Baikamo, Genji firefly seen from spring to early summer.
Many living creatures such as ayu which climbs the river from late November to December as it grows up, can be seen.
Fuji is also the source of life.
[Tree Knowledge ⑦] Strong Believer "Powerful Mr."
Fuji mountain climbing road, there are rest areas and mountain huts in the nice places, so even novices are safe.
Since there are also vending machines for kiosks and juices, we can not feel comfortable doing so if we think that we can easily rehydrate · · ·.
Because there is a surprising "pricing" that can not be on the ground.
As we go up steadily with 6th, 7th, 8th ... ... the display price of the vending machines there will also go up as if it is proportional.
For example, a certain juice sold at a fifth vending machine was 150 yen, but it increased to 200 yen for the sixth vending machine, 300 yen for the seventh match ... · · · around 9th turn It will jump up to about 500 yen when it becomes.
There is no rule for this raise rate.
It does not mean that it increases by 50 yen or 100 yen depending on the height.
For example, 500 milliliters of juice from a certain manufacturer will cost 500 yen for the ninth and 550 yen for the seventh, but the price will be higher if the altitude is lower.
The basis of these pricing is unknown, but it has to do with carrying goods to a harsh location environment different from the lower world.
Once the mountains and Mt. Fuji Observatory foods were carried by the mountain pros called "Mr. powerful" on the back.
Due to the opening of the Fuji Subaru Line in 1964, the completion of the bulldozer way, the automation of the summit weather station in 2004, etc., we have no longer to rely on Mr. Takaaki.
Nonetheless, it is said that there are time and effort for such carriers because maintenance and management of vehicles and roads that carry goods still take time.
Fuji climbing comes with hydration.
Drinking too much juice is not good, but it may be fun to climb while watching a price with a vending machine for a change of pace.
[TK knowledge ⑧] People in mourning can not participate in "Yoshida's fire festival"! What?
"Yoshida's fire festival" known as the festival of "Mountain Ojima" at Mt. Fuji.
It is a traditional festival boasting 400 years of history, designated as an important intangible folk cultural asset of the country, and it is getting more exciting than ever for the registration of the world heritage of Mt. Fuji.
Yoshida's fire festival is a nomination recommendation for the registration of the World Cultural Heritage of Mt. Fuji, a festival held at Kitaguchi Fuji Sengen Shrine (Kamiyoshida) and Suwa Shrine in the precincts.
In the old days, there are descriptions about festivals in the old documents at the end of the Muromachi period, believed to have been handed down by local residents along with the rise of Fuji faith.
Every year on August 26, about 80 trolls with a height of about 3 m are set along the national road 139 in the city.
When the light arrives at night at large torch, the flames soar up to the height of the roof of the private house.
Amidst the majestic atmosphere, this festival is also known as one of the "three biggest festivals in Japan", which means the end of summer to the Fuji North Foot Area and also has the meaning of "fire festival" to quell the volcanic activity of Mt. Fuji Even now, a slightly unusual custom has remained.
Actually, there are people at this fire festival to avoid getting out.
It is "the house where the close relatives had misfortune" people.
Cleaning is required for the fire festival, and in the past it is said that "death" was thought as a scratch.
In this area it is said that misfortune is called "buku (clothes take)", and those in the house of Buku said that they avoided seeing a shrine of fire and a shrine.
Therefore, according to the fire festival, I go out for a relatives' home or a trip outside the town due to staying and say that I came back the next morning of the festival.
This is called "Tema (labor)", and the kimono wearing at that time is called "Tema arrival".
In Tema's house, there was also a custom that "neighbor Temma" from the neighborhood was given muddy powder and buckwheat flour.
By the way, those who did not come to Tema also had to avoid seeing the fire festival, so they stayed home and passed away the festival.
It seems that this was called "Kuikomi".
Of course, there are locals who are still practicing it.
Why do not you try it once for "festival" that has been handed down from such ancient times.
[Tree knowledge ⑨] Loss Motosu Follows the legend
It is surrounded by beautiful nature, various plants and animals and Mt. Fuji, but in reality it is also a treasure trove of "mystery".
For example, there are books advocating an advanced civilization called "Fuji civilization" in the ancient times around Mt. Fuji, the theory that Mt. Fuji is a natural pyramid, the theory that it is a UFO take-off and landing spot, Various mysteries are spoken to a certain legend.
Although it is a proof that Mt. Fuji captures the hearts of people so much, among those mysteries, it is probably "Mossy" of Lake Motosu that has changed a lot.
As you can tell from that name is the unconfirmed creature (UMA) which is the same as the dinosaur "Nessie" in Lake Ness, in fact it is said to be quite old, and since the 1970's something huge creatures are in Lake Motosu Eyewitness information was received.
It was in 1987 that the name "Mossy" became widely picked up in the media.
A few photographers who were filming Mt. Fuji on the lakeshore of Lake Motosu witnessed that a huge object of about 30 meters emerged on the surface of the lake.
According to the witnesses, it says that we saw a rough skin like the crocodile's back.
Later, in order to capture it, a net for tuna fishermen was set up, but sometimes it was bilberized as something tried to be lifted, "Mossy" became a topic at a stroke It was.
In recent years, witness information has been rarely reported, but there is a reason why this "Mossy" can be talked with reality rather than mere urban legend.
It is the depth of Lake Motosu.
Fuji Goko is not very deep.
Kawaguchiko is 15.2 m, Lake Yamanaka is 15 m, Lake Shiho is 15.2 m. West Lake is as deep as 73.2 m, but Lake Motosu is overwhelmingly deeply that it is 138 meters deep.
About 15 million years ago, Mt. Fuji is said to have lived in the bottom of the ocean, huge creatures, whale's ancestors.
If they had achieved their own evolution at the base of Lake Motosu -.
While looking at the lake side, it may be interesting to think of such ancient romance.